Farmer Field School: implementation of the conservation agriculture technologies in the forest-steppe zone
Posted on: 24 June 2019
The fourth training of the Farmer field school was held within the framework of the specialized exhibition “International Field Days Ukraine”, hosted by the state scientific organization “Leonid Pogorilyy Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Forecasting and Testing of Machinery and Technologies for Agricultural Production” (L.Pogorilyy UkrNDIPVT).
During the training, the participants had the opportunity to explore the testing polygons of the Exhibition and Innovation Center of NAAS planted with medicinal plants and various varieties of winter crops, in particular, wheat, and L.Pogorilyy UkrNDIPVT polygons, such as:
- Polygon “AgroOlimp”, that has a total area of 150 hectares and include a sequence of five crops in crop rotation. Each of the 30 ha fields being cultivated by four main ways, such as classical plowing, deep plowing (chisel plow), disk tillage and surface mini-till.
- Polygon “Biotechnology”, where cereal cultivation technologies are tested with the use of biopreparations, including growth stimulators, stubble destructors and bioinsecticides, and investigates the impact of the use of stubble bio-decomposers on the improvement of crop nutrition and the acceleration of crop residues and green manure nutrient circulation.
- Polygon with Strip-till testing. This technology is based on the basic strip tillage that disturbing by mechanical cultivation only the portion of the soil that is to contain the seed row, while intermediate rows are not processed, and plant remnants remain on the surface of the field. On the landfill, the three-course rotation, such as maize, maize, and soybeans being used. These crops being sown in wide-row (dashed lines), with spacings 70 cm between maize rows and 45 cm between soybean rows.
- Polygon “Bioenergetic Crops”, where various botanical species and selected energetic willow varieties are grown. Particular attention is paid to paulownia – attractive for commercial use fast-growing wood.
In general, FAO will conduct ten training to help farmers stop land degradation in Ukraine. The training courses devoted to spring sowing campaign, biodiversity, irrigation, soil cultivation methods, rehabilitation of shelterbelts, and economic aspects of the conservation agriculture technologies.
The training courses are being held under the framework of the FAO project Integrated Natural Resources Management in Degraded Landscapes in the Forest-Steppe and Steppe Zones of Ukraine, funded by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF). Activities under this four-year FAO project relate to broader global efforts as they contribute to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 15 for “life on land.”