National Briefing on finding effective shelterbelt management solutions
Background: Shelterbelts play a key role in land protection, as they reduce wind speed, delay snow in the fields, reduce surface runoff of meltwater and reduce erosion processes, prevent wind erosion of soil, and increase and stabilize crop yields.
However, shelterbelt’s ownership rights identification and standards for multipurpose shelterbelts management are unclear and the shelterbelts that are rapidly deteriorating are in urgent need of improved management to continue providing their functions of protection against land degradation. Improving their management is complicated by the fact that there is a lack of proper legislation, complexity, and uncertainty of the mechanisms, which is necessary for enabling the use of state lands by private landowners and land users.
Therefore, the main open questions are who and why should be responsible for shelterbelts preservation and condition?
In order to improve the shelterbelt ownership legislation generally, it is necessary to elaborate the integrated approaches of interaction between shelterbelts end-users, shelterbelt owners (such as amalgamated territorial communities) and proper governmental authorities, as well as provide recommendations, increasing the end-users’ interest to manage shelterbelts properly.
FAO in Ukraine within the framework of the project “Integrated Natural Resources Management in Degraded Landscapes in the Forest-Steppe and Steppe Zones of Ukraine” identifies the output as developing an effective model of inventory and management of shelterbelts.
The objective is to hold a public discussion on the approaches improving the institutional structure for sustainable shelterbelt management, on the example of the interaction between village councils, amalgamated territorial communities, agricultural producers and other users; identify existing problems and gaps in the current shelterbelt management mechanisms among different land users.
- Identify focused-group in Kherson oblast for further implementation of a pilot project on sustainable shelterbelt management;
- Establishing a network of agricultural producers and other shelterbelts users with a positive experience in shelterbelts management;
- Identify the audience for the survey on the identification of the issues to be addressed to build effective shelterbelt management mechanisms;
- Strengthen dialogue between local, oblast and regional authorities and end land users on effective shelterbelts management.
Key issues for discussion:
- Implementation of shelterbelt inventory pilots in the selected project site based on a comprehensive approach to shelterbelts management and use in Ukraine;
- Shelterbelts inventory as a base of management;
- Dealing with issues related to shelterbelts use rights and improving its protection, restoration, and reconstruction;
- Innovative methods of designing and implementing a system of economic measures in shelterbelts.
Representatives of leading Ukrainian centers and institutes dealing with forestry issues and agroforestry; representatives of legal entities working in the area of land law, amalgamated territorial communities, village councils, agricultural producers and private landowners of Ukraine; representatives of land management agencies, NGOs and the media.